Joseph Mengele

Joseph MengeleJosef Mengele, also known as the angle of death, was a physician and soldier in Hitler’s SS Army and is directly responsible for the deaths of thousands at Auschwitz concentration camp.

At Auschwitz, Mengele used prisoners to conduct his research on twins, dwarfs, children and others. He injected chemicals into children’s eyes, sterilized girls and gave them shock treatments. He took 14 pairs of twins and killed them in order to dissect their bodies and use their organs for research.

As new prisoners arrived, he would stand and selection through them, sending some immediately to the gas chambers while keeping others alive for his experiments.

He escaped in 1945 and was briefly captured as a prisoner of war. However, he was released and fled Germany to South America. In 1964, his academic degrees were revoked. He is thought to have died in 1979.

  • The Gunzburg Clan (Time Magazine) June 1985.
    For decades the well-respected family in the picturesque Bavarian town of Gunzburg had kept the secret, much as Sicilian clans honor omerta, the code of silence. 

  • Josef Mengele (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum) 2011.
    Josef Mengele was an SS physician, infamous for his inhumane medical experimentation upon concentration camp prisoners at Auschwitz.

  • Mengele an Abortionist, Argentine Files Suggest (The New York Times) 1992.
    The Argentine authorities were either unwilling or unable to bring Nazi war criminals to justice even when they had them in custody, archives made public for the first time today show.

  • Josef Mengele and Experimentation on Human Twins at Auschwitz (From Children of the Flames).
    Josef Mengele, aka Auschwitz's "Angel of Death," held a fascination with twins. As Auschwitz's senior "physician" he conducted "genetic experiments" on nearly 1500 sets of twins between 1943 and 1944. 

  • The Life and Crimes of a Nazi Doctor (People Magazine) June 1985.
    There are evils so deep you can drop names in them and never hear them hit bottom. Josef Mengele is one of those names. His title was doctor, but his victims used another label: the Angel of Death. 

  • The Making of a Young Nazi (Tru TV).
    Josef Mengele left Gunzburg for Munich in October of 1930 to begin his studies at Munich University. He enrolled as a student of Philosophy and Medicine, degrees that would ultimately lead his career path to the Heart of Darkness, Auschwitz. At the same time that young Mengele was beginning his studies, the cty of Munich was in the throes of an ideological revolution.

  • Out of Death, a Zest For Life (The New York Times) 1982.
    Every time Dr. Gisella Perl enters a delivery room, she stops first to pray: ''God, you owe me a life, a living baby.'' That debt was incurred in Auschwitz in World War II, when the Hungarian gynecologist, who was both inmate and physician at the concentration camp, realized that to save the lives of hundreds of pregnant women, she would have to prevent them from giving birth.

  • Sixty-First Anniversary of the Liquidation of the Gypsy Camp in Birkenau (Memorial Museum of Auschwitz-Birkenau) 2005.
    In terms of numbers, the Gypsies were the third-largest group of deportees to Auschwitz, after the Jews and the Poles. Gypsy transports reached Auschwitz from 14 countries. The first Roma arrived on July 9, 1941, when there were two Polish Roma among a group of nine prisoners sent to the camp by the German criminal police in Katowice.